Sugar Glider (Petaurus breviceps): has a body length between 160 to 200 millimetres with a tail that is from 165 to 210 millimetres long.
Sugar Glider upper parts are pearl grey with a blackish midline that runs from between the eyes to the lower back. There are blackish patches around the eyes and alternate black and cream patches at the base of the ears.
Sugar gliders have a gliding membrane between the front and back legs (see right image). It is blackish and fringed with white. The body underparts are creamy-yellow or pale grey. The tail is mostly grey with the end quarter black. Often the tail is tipped with white. The specimen illustrated did not have a white tip.
Sugar Gliders are nocturnal and arboreal (living in trees). They are able to glide up to 90 metres between trees.
Leaf nests are constructed in tree hollows. Sugar Gliders sometimes occupy bird nesting boxes. Two is the usual litter size.
Sugar Gliders have a varied diet that consists of insects, spiders, millipedes, centipedes, nectar, pollen and manna (a sugary substance secreted by some insects such as Lerps).
Sugar Gliders are common and occur from the coast to the ranges from northern Western Australia through the Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. They have been introduced into Tasmania.
The Sugar Glider illustrated was found dead at Yallaroo in August 2007. There were no marks on the body so we have no means of knowing the cause of death. On a positive note, at least we know that Sugar Gliders are in the area. This animal was a male. Sugar Gliders figure in the diet of owls. Often only the tail is left from an owl attack.