Cauliflory: The tree, in the photograph, is a Ficus species (Fig) and belongs to the Moraceae family. The specimen illustrated was a tall tree growing near Boodjamulla National Park in Queensland in July 2004. The tree was covered in fruits that were growing out of the trunk and larger branches. This flowering and fruiting characteristic is known as cauliflory (from the cauliflower). Other rainforest trees produce flowers on trunks and stems.
Aboriginal people may have eaten the fruits of this species. Pigeons, other native birds and possible fruit bats may eat the fruit. This would be one way that seed is dispersed.