Acacia pycnantha: is a member of the Mimosaceae family and has the distinction of being Australia’s floral emblem. The species is known as the Golden Wattle.
Acacia pycnantha is a tall shrub or small tree that may reach a height of eight metres.
The phyllodes may be up to 20 centimetres long, broadest in the middle and tapering to both ends. Each phyllode has a prominent mid-vein.
Profuse globular flower heads may contain up to 60 individual blooms that are golden-yellow and perfumed. Spring is the flowering period.
Pruning, after flowering, will keep plants bushy and at a reasonable height.
Acacia pycnantha occurs throughout most of Victoria and extends north into New South Wales and west into South Australia.
The bark has been used for tanning leather. Early settlers also used the bark as a medicine for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery. Phyllodes have been used as a dyeing material.
Propagate from seed or cuttings. If propagating from cuttings, cut each phyllode in half. This will reduce transpiration from the cutting.